1. 50% of our farmers have less than 0.35ha of land
Ninety percent of Rwandan land is on hillsides. Population pressure means that ownership of available farmland is fragmented (most people own tiny plots of land, or are landless), and soil is exhausted and vulnerable to erosion. It’s estimated that 1.4 million tonnes of topsoil are lost every year.
Ripple Effect Rwanda is promoting farming techniques and innovations that increase productivity on small areas of land while conserving soil fertility and controlling erosion. Our agroecological climate positive approach (ACPA) works with natural systems and improves soil health.
2. The climate crisis is making rains unpredictable and making drought and floods more frequent
In a 2018 Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Assessment, around 40% of households reported that their access to food had been affected by at least one “shock” or uncommon situation during the previous 12 months. The most frequently reported shocks, mainly affecting the Eastern and Southern provinces, were weather-related: drought, irregular rains, or prolonged dry spells.
3. 44% of children under five have stunted growth due to malnutrition
Despite the economic improvements of the last two decades, poverty remains widespread, and many people remain at risk of food insecurity, malnutrition and undernourishment. Twenty percent of Rwandan households are food insecure.
Ripple Effect Rwanda is building the resilience of farmers and their communities to climate change, by ensuring their ecosystems are properly protected and maintained to meet their immediate needs and those of future generations. Programme measures include constructing terraces and contour ditches, irrigation powered by solar energy, promoting reafforestation and agroforestry, and introducing energy-saving stoves and renewable energy.